According to FHWA, performance management is a strategic approach that uses system information to make investment and policy decisions to achieve performance goals. While FHWA and federal legislation has emphasized performance management in recent years, HRTPO has based its planning and programming process on performance management for many years.
The HRTPO performance management process is comprised of the following efforts:
- Maintaining Databases of Transportation Performance Data
HRTPO staff maintains a number of transportation performance databases on an ongoing basis for use in performance management planning efforts. These databases cover all aspects of the transportation system including roadway use, bridges, aviation, freight movement, rail, public transportation, pavement condition, safety, etc.
Staff also maintains a Congestion Management Process (CMP) database that includes data for over 1,700 roadway segments which covers all interstates, principal arterials, minor arterials, and key collectors. This database includes existing and historical traffic volumes, roadway characteristics, speeds, reliability, trucks, and congestion levels.
2. Annual System Performance Reports
a. Annual State of Transportation in Hampton Roads Report
Each year, HRTPO staff produces the State of Transportation in Hampton Roads report. The report details the current status and recent trends of all facets of the transportation system in Hampton Roads, including air, rail, water, and highways. Many aspects of the highway system are highlighted, including roadway usage, pavement condition, bridge conditions, congestion levels, commuting characteristics, roadway safety, transit usage, and active transportation (such as biking and walking). Comparisons are made between Hampton Roads and similar large metropolitan areas.
Each year, HRTPO staff produces a report documenting the volumes, speeds, and congestion levels of each segment of the CMP roadway network. Staff analyzes congestion levels using travel time data collected by INRIX.
3. Congestion Management Process – System Performance and Mitigation Report
The Congestion Management Process (CMP) is an on-going systematic process for managing congestion that provides information and analysis on multimodal transportation system performance and on strategies to alleviate congestion and enhance the mobility of persons and goods regionwide. During this process, HRTPO works with state and local agencies to develop these strategies and mobility options.
HRTPO staff completed the latest version of the CMP - System Performance and Mitigation Report in October 2014. More information on the Hampton Roads CMP is available on HRTPO’s Congestion Management page.
4. Special Transportation Studies
HRTPO staff regularly prepares special studies that examine specific topics related to the Hampton Roads transportation system. Examples of studies that have been completed by HRTPO over the last five years include Prioritizing Highway Projects for Improvement of Evacuation, Pavement Performance Measurement, Analyzing and Mitigating the Impact of Tolls at the Midtown and Downtown Tunnels, Identifying Promising Intersections for High-Congestion-Benefit/Low-Cost Improvements, and Sea Level Rise and Storm Surge Impacts to Roadways in Hampton Roads reports.
A full list of studies completed by HRTPO is available on the Technical Reports page.
5. System Performance Measures
Starting in 2012, HRTPO staff has annually prepared a list of performance measures identified by state legislation and established by the state Office of Intermodal Planning and Investment (OIPI). This effort – titled HRTPO Regional Performance Measures (RPMs) – includes existing and historical data in a number of areas including congestion reduction, safety, transit usage, HOV usage, jobs and housing, air quality, freight movement, and maintenance.
A key feature of MAP-21 (and continued under the FAST Act) is the establishment of national performance goals in the areas of safety, infrastructure condition, congestion reduction, system reliability, freight movement and economic vitality, environmental sustainability, and reduced project delivery delays. MAP-21 and the FAST Act require the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with states, MPOs, and other stakeholders, to establish performance measures in the following areas:
- Pavement condition
- Performance of the Interstate System and the remainder of the NHS
- Bridge condition
- Roadway Safety
- On-road mobile source emissions and traffic congestion for CMAQ Program
- Freight movement
In 2017, HRTPO staff will begin calculating performance measures in each of these areas and establishing regional targets for the measures.
6. Performance-Based Project Selection
The FAST Act states that each MPO’s Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) will include a description of the performance measures and performance targets used in assessing the performance of the transportation system. The LRTP will also include a system performance report and subsequent updates evaluating the condition and performance of the transportation system with respect to the established performance targets.
In addition, HRTPO uses a Project Prioritization Tool to evaluate the expected performance of each candidate LRTP project. Scores are determined based on a number of factors related to the utility, viability, and economic vitality of each project.
Projects proposed by eligible recipients for Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ), Regional Surface Transportation Program (RSTP), or Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) funding are evaluated by HRTPO staff using a specific set of criteria that have been approved by the HRTPO Board. The proposed projects are ranked based on the results of the analyses.
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